Climate Change, Worst Disaster is Yet to Come :
In race towards modernization, we have forgotten to care for our Planet. Earth’s natural resources are depleting faster than expected due to uncontrolled usage of fossil fuel, deforestation on a massive scale, polluting oceans, unbounded mining, extensive and unchecked usage of groundwater, disrupting the delicate balance of food chain by rampant hunting, overfishing and poisoning the environment with nuclear waste. As a result, we are edging towards our annihilation.
According to the 5th Assessment Report of Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change the current trend of ‘global warming‘ is most extremely [probability greater than 95%] to be the result of human activity since the mid 20th century and is rising at a rate unparalleled like never before.
Compelling Evidence of Rapid Climate Change
1. Rise in Global Temperature
Earth’s average surface temperature has risen about 0.9°C [1.62°F] since the late 19th century due to a substantial increase of Co2 and other toxic gases in the atmosphere.
Most of the warming happened in the past 35 years. And the last 5 years were the warmest on record. According to the Natural Resource Defense Council [NRDL], the rising temperature has resulted in longer and hotter heat waves, more frequent droughts, heavier rainfall, and powerful hurricanes, disrupting the weather balance across the globe.
Facts around the world :
In June 2019, Europe witnessed one of the deadliest ‘heatwave’ ever on history.
- France – 107.6°F
- Germany – 104.5°F
- Belgium – 102°F
- Netherlands – 101.5°F
> In 2015, California had witnessed the worst drought in 1200 years.
> India is now witnessing the worst flood disaster ever in history.
> In 2015, one of the deadliest cyclone ever ‘Hurricane Patricia’ with the wind speeds up to 200 mph devastated the Coast of Mexico.
2. Warming Oceans
An increase in global temperatures directly affects the Oceans. The Oceans absorb much of the increased planet’s heat which in turn warms the oceans.
The top 700 meters [2,300 ft] of the ocean is warmed up by more than 0.4°F since 1969.
> According to the International Union for Conservation of Nature [IUCN], this adversely affects the marine ecosystem including coral, the breeding grounds for mammals and marine species.
> Rising Ocean temperatures also affect humans by threatening food security, causing more extreme weather events which in turn causes the loss of coastal protection.
3. Shrinking Ice Sheets
A drastic rise in global temperature is also warming the ocean which in turn triggers the loss of ice mass of our Planet. They are shrinking faster than ever before.
Data from NASA’s ‘Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment‘ shows Antarctica has lost about 127 billion tons of ice per year between 1993 and 2016 while Greenland has lost an average of 236 billion tons of ice per year during the same time period. The loss of Antarctica ice mass has tripled in the last decade.
> One of the Major freshwater sources ‘Glaciers‘ are most affected and are retreating faster than before, everywhere around the world.
> Satellite observations over the past 5 decades revealed the decreased spring snow cover in the Northern Hemisphere and the melting of snow earlier than usual.
Facts around the world :
> Himalayan glaciers across India, Bhutan, Nepal, and China have been losing the equivalent of more than 1½ foot of ice vertically each year since 2000.
> According to the National Academy of Sciences, Antarctica’s sea ice cover has melted by an area 4 times greater than France in few years and now Antarctica is at its record low ice cover.
> According to research by the University of Iceland, the ‘Okjökull‘ Glacier covered 16 sq.miles in 19th century but by 2012 it was measured at just 0.7 sq.miles.
> Arctic circle may be free of ice by 2100 if the same pace of thawing is continued.
4. Rising Sea Level
The melting of ice caps has resulted in the rise of sea level.
> Global Sea level rose about 8 inches in the last century. The rate of Sea level rising has doubled in the last 2 decades than the last century and is accelerating every year. The Sea is rising about 13 inches [3.2 mm] or more every year.
> The consequence of the rising sea level will likely be the submission of major coastal areas and landmass.
According to a special report from IPCC, the sea level will more likely rise between 10-30 inches [26-77 cms] by 2100 with temperatures warming 1.5°C.
Fact: In 1993, the great Mississippi flood, over 10,000 sq.miles of the Midwestern United States was devastated by rain.
All these changes will drastically affect not only mankind but the whole flora and fauna of the planet.
> The changes that are happening around the world prove that the negative effects of climate change are already in motion.
> IUCN has said that some of the most iconic species of trees, primates, rays, and fishes are now classified as critically endangered.
> Around 28,000 species are at the brink of extinction.
IUCN acting director-general, Dr. Grethel Aguilar said, “Nature is declining at rates unprecedented in human history, we must wake up to the fact that conserving nature’s diversity is in our interest.”
The greed of mankind has disrupted the balance of nature, even worse is that we are responsible for the disruption of the entire ecosystem of our planet.
It’s time for not just the government but every individual to act now to solve this huge crisis. We are an intelligent species of the Planet for a reason. Make that reason worth being a human.
Planet’s problem is our problem.